May 23, 2020 (Google Translation) – With the departure of the hydrographic ship Galatea this morning from the base of La Spezia, the 2020 hydro-oceanographic campaign of the Navy began, an activity that will engage the hydro-oceanographic naval units of the Naval Team (CINCNAV) in support of the technical-scientific needs of the Navy Hydrographic Institute (IIM) and other national research bodies.
From June to November, in fact, the units belonging to the Mine Countermeasures Forces Command (MARICODRAG), classified under the Command of the Hydrographic Ships Squadron and Experiences (COMSQUAIDRO), will carry out surveys that will allow the updating of the official state cartography, to guarantee the safety of navigation, and will conduct oceanographic surveys aimed at increasing knowledge of the marine environment. A complex of research that every year engages about 200 military specialists in hydro-oceanography, embarked on hydrographic units, which to carry out their missions have avant-garde equipment available.
The 2020 campaign is divided as follows:
– Nave Galatea, will lead the oceanographic monitoring project of the Ligurian Sea SWIM-LIG20 (Summer and Winter Intensive Measuring of the LIGurian sea 2020). In addition to the Hydrographic Institute of the Navy, the activity also involves important national and international research bodies;
– Nave Leonardo will conduct a sounding activity in the Tuscan archipelago, carrying out hydrographic surveys on the islands of Palmaiola, Montecristo and Pianosa;
– Nave Aretusa will conduct surveys in the Adriatic Sea, in particular in the port of Brindisi and along the coast of Ancona and Ravenna;
– Nave Ammiraglio Magnaghi will carry out surveys in Sardinia, in the area of Olbia and the Golfo degli Aranci.
The Hydrographic Institute of the Navy
The Hydrographic Institute of the Navy, founded in Genoa in 1872, based in the San Giorgio fort, built on one of the bastions of the sixteenth-century walls, is responsible for the national hydrographic service and for the production of all official nautical documentation, both paper and paper. digital, related to the Italian seas.
Cartographic body of the State and the Navy, the Institute has the task of contributing to the safety of navigation, both military and mercantile, to the defense of the nation and to the knowledge and enhancement of everything concerning the sea, from a technical point of view , scientific, environmental and cultural.
The Institute basically operates in four sectors:
- campaign activities and hydro-oceanographic research (in Italian, Mediterranean and ocean waters);
- drafting of reference technical regulations for navigation safety;
- production and updating of all cartography and official nautical documentation;
- training of hydrographic personnel, both military and civil (also from other countries, with a view to international collaboration and capacity building with specific professional skills).
- The area of competence covers an area of over 550,000 square kilometers of marine space (one and a half times the surface of the country), in relation to a coastal development of more than 7,800 kilometers, in a region of extreme strategic interest, located in the center of the Mediterranean and at the confluence of the main international shipping routes.
The oceanographic campaign in the Ligurian sea SWIM-LS-20
The Summer and Winter Intensive Measuring of the LIGurian sea 2020 Campaign is an oceanographic monitoring project of the Ligurian Sea conducted by the Hydrographic Institute of the Navy.
The activity involves, in addition to the Navy through the Hydrographic Institute, important national and international research bodies.
The opportunity to be able to compare salinity, but above all temperature measurements, is essential to lay the foundations for understanding the heat exchange with the atmosphere with all the consequent phenomena that derive from it which create the complex “ensemble” of weather phenomena- Oceanographic commonly incorporated in the expression “climate change”.
The spring component of these data, associated with the measurements made in the previous seasons, is of fundamental importance as an irreplaceable piece for understanding the evolution of oceanographic parameters.
All these data and their elaboration will therefore allow to carry out studies on the heat exchange of the Ligurian Sea and to further validate the oceanographic model of the Ligurian Sea of the Hydrographic Institute.