December 1 marks the 62nd anniversary of the signing of the Antarctic Treaty. Regulates the presence of the human being in Antarctica, the scientific research and the logistics necessary for this purpose; and established that Antarctica would be used exclusively for peaceful purposes.
This document aims to ensure the freedom of scientific research and the promotion of international cooperation for scientific purposes. Likewise, it protects the claim of Argentine sovereignty in Antarctica against overlapping claims.
The Antarctic Treaty was signed on December 1, 1959 and entered into force on June 23, 1961. Argentina was one of the original twelve signatory countries that signed it in Washington (United States).
Currently, it has 54 member countries (or Parties), of which 29 are Consultative Parties and the rest are Adherent Parties. They meet annually to make decisions that ensure the proper implementation of the Antarctic Treaty System –which includes the aforementioned and other related agreements–.