On September 30, a new exhibition “The August General-Admirals of the Russian Fleet” will open at the Central Naval Museum named after Emperor Peter the Great.
The exhibition, curated by the museum’s researchers Svetlana Vasilyeva and Vasilina Trubilko, will display the personal belongings of the august persons – admiral-generals, their weapons, household items, gifts, printed publications with bookplates. The interest of visitors will also be aroused by such unique documents as the original combat report signed by Grand Duke Pavel Petrovich, as well as copies of documents from the Russian State Archives with personal signatures of the august persons.
Admiral General? the highest military rank (rank) and position in the navy of the Russian Empire. According to the Table of Ranks introduced by Peter the Great, this rank corresponded to the ranks of Field Marshal General, Chancellor and Actual Privy Councilor of the 1st Class.
In the history of the Russian fleet until 1762, there were three admirals-general: Count F.M. Apraksin, Count A.I. Osterman, Prince M.M. Golitsyn.
Since 1762, the rank of admiral-general began to be assigned only to members of the royal family. Grand Duke Pavel Petrovich was appointed admiral general eight years old, retaining this title and being emperor. Starting with Emperor Nicholas I, the second sons in the royal family were assigned to naval service from birth.
The youngest admiral-general was Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolaevich, who was appointed to the post at the age of four. This is evidenced by his uniform presented at the exhibition, which fits only modern first-graders.
The last admiral-general was Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich, who was conferred this rank at the age of 33. In infancy, Alexey Alexandrovich was no stranger to naval service. His boatswain signal pipe with a remarkable engraving will help to make sure of this: “The sailor of the Guards crew, Alexei Romanov. Has been in the service for 4 years. 4 years old. May 20, 1854 “.
The year of Aleksey Aleksandrovich’s death (1908) coincided with the 200th anniversary of the existence of the military rank of “Admiral General” in the Russian Navy. After the death of Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich, the rank of “general-admiral” in the Russian fleet was not assigned to anyone.