Royal Navy joins NATO’s major missile test off Scotland

May 15, 2021 – Three Royal Navy warships today join NATO allies in the world’s largest test of naval air and missile defences.
Played out off Scotland’s Outer Hebrides and Norway’s Arctic coast, the three-week-long Formidable Shield 2021 will test missile systems, sensors, software – and the hundreds of men and women operating them as they demonstrate their ability to deal with the latest aerial threats.

It will see live missile launches as the NATO allies demonstrate their individual and collective ability to track, identify and ultimately destroy incoming threats in the skies, including testing ballistic missile defence.

HMS Argyll has been shadowing seven Russian ships alongside eight other Royal Navy vessels in UK waters

HMS Dragon leads the Royal Navy’s participation as a dedicated air defence destroyer designed to shield a task group with her Sea Viper missile system.

Using her Sampson radar – the spinning ‘spiked egg’ atop her main mast – the Portsmouth-based warship has the ability to detect and follow a missile’s progress from launch to ‘splash’ (when it is destroyed).

LRGX CAPABILITY DEMONSTRATION 2020
Pictured HMS DRAGON during LRGX Capability demonstration in Cyprus.
THE LRGX (LITTORAL READINESS GROUP (EXPERIMENTATION)) CAPABILITY DEMONSTRATION 2020
LRG(X) will undertake focused training and operations with NATO and regional partners and provide a contingent capability in a vital region for NATO and European security.
Through design this deployment will also undertake a range of experimentation (X) and innovation trials that underpin the Littoral Strike concept, the Future Commando Force vision and the Royal Navy’s Transformation strategy.
Press Release to Follow

She’s joined by frigates HMS Lancaster and Argyll, whose Sea Ceptor systems also provide shorter range defence against incoming missiles and aircraft.

Both systems will be tested against supersonic high-diving targets plummeting towards the task group at speeds in excess of 12,000mph – 16 times the speed of sound – as well as sea-skimming drones simulating missiles, weaving at high sub-sonic speeds in a bid to outfox the radars tracking them.

The highlight for the Royal Navy will be one of Dragon’s Sea Viper missiles intercepting a Firejet target drone, racing over the Atlantic at more than 400mph but just 20ft above the waves.

Pictured: HMS Lancaster take part in replenishment at sea (RAS) approaches with RFA Tide Race in the North Sea.
HMS LANCASTER PRACTICES CLOSE FORMATION APPROACHES
On Friday 5th March 2021, HMS Lancaster practiced close formation approaches with Fleet Auxilliary Ship Tide Race whilst on patrols in the North Sea. The approaches are used as the initial starting point when ships conduct a replenishment at sea or RAS.
Credit: LPhot Dan Rosenbaum, HMS Lancaster

Other missiles in the Sea Viper family will be fired by other participants, alongside US-made Sea Sparrow and Standard Missiles 2, against a mix of sub and supersonic drone targets.

Rigorous safety checks and procedures are in place to ensure the ranges are safe and the risk to surrounding areas and other users are negligible.

In addition to testing the weapon systems and sensors, the British ships are also due to test cutting-edge software which is designed to alleviate the burden on the team in the operations room who pore over the display screens constantly looking out for potential threats.

Ten NATO nations – Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, the UK and USA – have thrown their hats in the ring, committing ships, aircraft, ground assets, and staff.

Led by the US Navy’s Sixth Fleet and using Spanish frigate ESPS Cristóbal Colón as the flagship, in its 2021 iteration – Formidable Shield is staged every two years – the exercise involves 15 ships, more than ten aircraft and in excess of 3,000 personnel.

The exercise is intended to assure allies, deter adversaries, and demonstrate the commitment of NATO to collective defence.

“Delivering integrated air and missile defence, and specifically ballistic missile defence, is one of STRIKFORNATO’s primary roles on behalf of the Alliance,” said Rear Admiral James Morley, the British Deputy Commander of STRIKFORNATO.

“Formidable Shield 21 is an important opportunity to further develop fighting capability and domain integration against a challenging set of realistic targets – a demonstration of our resolve to counter the threat.”

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