August 12, 2019 (Google Translation) – On August 10, 1519, the Fleet left the first round the world. On the occasion of the V Centenary of its circumnavigation, the city of Seville hosted this weekend the events to commemorate the aforementioned event.
On August 9 and 10, various activities were chaired by the Vice President of the Government, Carmen Calvo and by the Admiral Chief of Staff of the Navy, Teodoro López Calderón, accompanied by various civil and military authorities.
Among them, on August 9 at 8:30 p.m. Mass was celebrated in the Church of Santa Ana in Triana, where the flag of the school ship “Juan Sebastián de Elcano” was blessed. The ceremony was officiated by the Spanish Archbishop Castrense.
On August 10 in the morning a Tribute to the Fallen was made, in honor of the sailors who executed the expedition in the existing monument to Juan Sebastián de Elcano, in the Glorieta of the volunteer sailors. Next, the lifting of the V Centennial badge was carried out on a mast located in the vicinity of the Torre del Oro.
On the First circumnavigation to the world
On August 10, 1519, led by Fernando de Magallanes, five naos (Santiago, San Antonio, Trinidad, Concepción and Victoria) with 239 crew members depart from the Mulas dock in Seville, near the west side of the current San bridge Telmo.
The expedition promoted by the Spanish Crown, had the objective of opening a commercial route by the west to the islands of spices, the Moluccas, where one of the most lucrative shops of the moment was located. To do this, and putting their bows always to the west they had to find a passage or strait that united the two great oceans of the world hitherto unknown.
The crew of the Navy lived all kinds of vicissitudes that led many to lose their lives, including Magallanes, the promoter of the project that failed to see the end of the company, dying on April 27, 1521 on the island of Mactan Surprised by a group of Filipino Indians.
The expeditionaries chose, as a substitute for Magellan to captain the return trip, to Juan Sebastián Elcano, who along with only 17 of the men at the limits of their forces culminates the first round the world aboard the only one of the five ships, the Nao Victoria, who after traveling more than 14,460 leagues (more than 37,500 nautical miles), arrives in Seville on September 8, 1522.
For three years the expedition crossed the three oceans and bordered many other continents, and although it was not the main objective, it was shown that the earth was spherical, thus completing the first circumnavigation of the Earth in history.