Russia Declassifies Submarine Operations During the Seige of Leningrad

January 25, 2019 (Google Translation) – On the eve of the 75th anniversary of the complete liberation of Leningrad from the fascist blockade, the official website of the Russian Defense Ministry published a collection of unique documents from the funds of the Central archive of the military department, revealing the details of the liberation of the besieged city. A significant part of previously unpublished documents is devoted to the only military-strategic highway and unique fuel artery, which ran along the bottom of Ladoga and connected the besieged city with the rear areas of the country – the Road of Life.

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The section opens the resolution of the Military Council of the Leningrad Front of November 24, 1941 on the construction of a winter road through Ladoga, called the “Road of Life”. It determined the order and timing of works on the organization of transport of people and resources on the lake surface in winter and during navigation, shows the routes of waterways and ice roads.

The decision of May 1, 1942 on the construction of a 35-kilometer strategic underwater pipeline to transport fuel to besieged Leningrad will undoubtedly be of interest to visitors of the section. In addition, a series of declassified documents presented the resolution of the Military Council of December 6, 1941, from which data on evacuation, quantity and types of food at food and supply points along the entire length of the route along Ladoga can be obtained.

From the section you can find out previously unknown facts about the participation of submarines in combat operations on Lake Ladoga. In 1942, Soviet small submarines M-77 and M-79, which carried out reconnaissance missions to observe approaches to bases, communications, coasts, enemy islands and other military operations, were transferred to the waters of Lake Ladoga in observance of unprecedented masking measures. The multimedia documentary contains reports on the combat activities of submarine crews, the number of exits, the tasks performed with a description of events and the movement patterns of submarines.

The siege of Leningrad lasted 28 months: from September 8, 1941 to January 27, 1944, when the city was given a solemn salute to commemorate the end of the blockade. For the first time, a demonstrated handwritten order for its conduct was one of the most interesting documents presented in a special section of the Ministry of Defense of Russia. Therefore, it is he who completes the selection.

In the Order of the Commander of the Leningrad Front, Lieutenant-General L.A. Govorov indicated that the front forces captured the most important centers of resistance and enemy strongholds near Leningrad, and also drove the enemy away from the city along the whole front to 65-100 kilometers.

To commemorate the victory won and in honor of the complete liberation of Leningrad from the blockade, on January 27, at 20 o’clock, a salute of 324 guns was given.

The Russian Defense Ministry on the official website continues to publish archival documents from the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. The materials of the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense of Russia put a barrier to the falsification of history, debunk many of its false myths, become an important element in the system of military-patriotic education of young people.