February 10, 2017 – The newspaper “Izvestia” published an article by Alexei Ramm “Floating crane rescued from the bomb of hunger,” Admiral Kuznetsov. “Unique vessel has implemented a few months Russian warships on the high seas,” in which it is reported that the Russian Navy has attracted a unique vessel for operation in Syria – propelled floating crane (SEC).
SEC – a pontoon with motor, control system and lifting cranes. Floating crane works at a distance of about 40 km from the coast and only when there is no wind and the waves. But in the Mediterranean SEC-46150, which is part of the Black Sea Fleet, the first act on the high seas in adverse weather conditions. He supercharged ammunition and food to the cruiser “Petr Veliky” and aircraft carrier “Admiral Kuznetsov”. Offshore tug MB-31 Black Sea Fleet towing self-propelled floating crane SPK-46150 02 690 project through the Bosporus to the Mediterranean Sea. 11/18/2016 (s) sdelanounas.ru
SPK went on active service to the shores of Syria from Sevastopol in November last year. The campaign was accompanied by two Black Sea tugboat – SB-36 and MB-304. The task was to ensure the ship Russian warships so-called discharge cargo – ammunition and containers with food and so on.
Formally, the SEC was based in Syria’s Tartus. But all cargo work was carried out in the open sea. The “News” confirmed the information in the Black Sea Fleet headquarters. Currently, self-propelled floating crane returned to Sevastopol. During his military service, he went almost four thousand nautical miles.
SPK-46150, transferred to the Navy in October 2016, is part of the 205th unit to ensure the Black Sea Fleet. This is quite a small boat. Its displacement of 2 tons, a length of 52 m SPC Speed -.. 6 knots (11 km / h), and the cruising range – 3500 miles. SPK-46150 is equipped with modern navigation and cartography and computer balancing loads during sailing and loading operations.
Self-propelled floating crane, according to the performance characteristics, can be operated only in the port and on roads with agitation only three points and a wind speed of not more than 10 m / s. In the open sea, such weather conditions – a rarity. Especially in winter the Mediterranean Sea, famous for its storms.
– In spite of its “construction” name traditionally used in the SPC of the Navy is to overload the arms ship and cargo, – says “Izvestiya” scientific editor of the magazine “Arms Export” Mikhail Barabanov. – Most likely, during the military service Russian ships received loads, while the so-called Gorzkowski locations off the coast of Egypt.
According to the expert, in the Mediterranean, US aircraft carriers are able to replenish their stocks in numerous well-equipped ports and naval bases of the NATO countries.
– Neither the Soviet Union there were no such opportunities, neither Russia, – says Barabanov. – Therefore, as early as the 1960s, the Black Sea Fleet Hydrographic Service found in the Mediterranean anchoring in shallow water in the neutral waters. There Soviet ships and ships could be anchored and easily replenish their stocks. These points were nicknamed “Gorzkowski” – in honor of Commander of the Soviet Navy Admiral Sergei Gorshkov.
According to military historian Dmitry Boltenkova, floating crane crew performed a unique operation, having made a voyage to the thousands of miles and several months of heavy overloading oversized and explosive cargo. After the floating crane is designed to provide solutions to the problems of the waters of the naval basing point and not for transitions serious distance.
– Solving the SEC was quite original, but in the meantime thoughtful, – says Boltenkov. – Given the fact that the planes with the “Kuznetsov” made more than 400 sorties, it can be argued that the SEC has worked very intensively. Unfortunately, in Russia there are no universal Navy transports supplies, which are in many navies around the world. These vessels are designed for all types of support of naval units in the sea zone.
However, as the expert said, now “Severnaya Verf” is already building supply vessels 23120. Project Head “Elbrus” is to replenish the Navy later this year.